Early Diagnosis and Prevention

Even though the occurence of prostate cancer cannot be predicted or avoided, certain measures can be undertaken to avoid the development of the disease. Men over 40 years of age must undergo a prostate examination once a year. Early diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer carried out in time, increase the possibility of being successfully cured.

In some countries, screening for prostate cancer represents the standard for health policy, and prevention rather than treatment of the disease is the ideal objective. Given the impossibility of having a more specific screening for those men really at risk of cancer and indeed death from prostate cancer, in developed countries, it seems reasonable that all men should begin prostate controls annually from the age of 45, undergoing at least the Digital Rectal Examination , the PSA test ( Prostate Specific Antigen) and the Transrectal Sonography of the prostate required by the urologist in general once every 2-3 years. Infact, increasingly often prostate cancers are diagnosed in the presence still normal levels of PSA, in this way anticipating the diagnosis quite considerably. Prevention with DRE and PSA carried out annually has an even greater significance for patients over 40 years of age who have a family history of prostate cancer ( a father or brother/s). To conclude, more than 50% of patients interviewed said they used alternative therapies; in the majority of empirical cases, it is the Urologist’s responsibility to give them a correct orientation in this area.

Nutrition

In North America and Northern Europe, obesity and a diet containing high levels of animal fats are very common, whereas in Asia the diet is rich in fibre and Soya protein, which contains Fitoestrogens, and a low content of animal fats. Increasingly evident statistics suggest that many elements in the diet can play an important role in the prevention and/or development of prostate cancer. Some substances reduce occurrence of prostate cancer, for example a substance called Licopene contained in particular in tomatoes and wheat crops, green tea, garlic and pomegranates. Nutrition carries out an important role in the prevention of prostate cancer. Scientific evidence indicates that nutrition and physical activity are the most important modifiable risk factors in order to reduce the development, altering the behavior of the cancer and arresting its progression. It is necessary to remember that ‘we are what we eat’. A poor nutrition creates an environment which is favorable to the appearance and development of cancer. An adequate nutrition sustains the immune system, deflates cancer cells and provides micro and macro elements.

Guidelines for a healthy nutrition

* A vegetable based diet

* Plenty of fruit and vegetables

* A high content of fibre – whole meal cereals and green beans

* A diet low in fats, giving maximum importance to healthy fats

* Avoid cereals, flours and sugars that have been refined

* Drink a lot of Liquids

* Physical exercise, which contributes to reaching and maintenance of healthy body-weight.

Eat fresh products that have not been refined or treated and do not contain hormones. To be included are Fruit and Wheat products, Soya, whole meal grains, beans (green), fish (salmon, tuna, sardines, halibut), olive oil, green tea, tomatoes, broccoli, pumpkin seeds, curry, garlic, onion, mushrooms, almonds, ginger, fatless yogurt, seaweed and fibre. Eating organic products reduces exposure to pesticides, herbicides and hormones that can favor the development of cancer.


* Avoid sugar ( the cancer’s favourite nutrition), milk products, refined products, fried food, fast food, caffeine, alcohol, nitrates and colourings. Limit nutrition containing saturated fats, especially red meat, which is implicated in the process of stimulation of prostate cancer.

* Eliminate nutritional intolerances. Carry out tests to determine what these intolerances may be.